Ocean’s Three

Global - Mar 07 2019
  • #biodiversity
  • #climate
  • #environment
  • #esg
  • #ipcc
  • #oceans
  • #sids

Ocean’s Three

Oceans and their adjacent seas cover more than two-thirds of the surface of the Earth and provide for trillions of dollars of ecosystem services (fishery, coastal protection, dioxide absorption, leisure, culture, aestheticism…). This invaluable asset provides 17% of animal protein and it even exceeds 50% for some populated countries such as Bangladesh, Cambodia, the Gambia, Ghana, Indonesia, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka and some Small Island Developing States (SIDS). But it faces three huge threats: (i) temperature rise, (ii) overfishing, and (iii) plastic pollution

Source FAO

In its AR5 report, IPCC emphasizes the fact that oceans absorbed 93% of the additional energy generated by greenhouse gas since 1970 and the consequences for marine ecosystems are disastrous. The list provided in the SR 1.5 report is chilling: increased tropical cyclone intensity with amplified impacts due to sea level rise, ocean acidification and its impact on organisms with shells and skeletons and the rest of the food chain, deoxygenation, endangered seagrass and mangroves, diminution of maritime capacity to capture CO2 (about 30% of human emissions). Some regions, such as deltas and estuaries, are particularly at risk.

In the meantime, worldwide overfishing is leading to a diminution of available stocks. The FAO considers that about 30% of fishes are overfished and in a biologically unsustainable situation. In response to demand, aquaculture has skyrocketed since 1990 and represents 45% of total fish production in 2016. This type of production generates concerns about epidemics and then, the abusive use of antibiotics which might spread out of farms.

Finally, while available fish quantity is declining, the quality is also alarming, even in the deepest places of the ocean. A recent study published by the Royal Society showed that 72% of Lysianassoidea amphipod extracted from six deep ocean trenches from around the Pacific Rim, at depths ranging from 7000 m to 10 890 m, contained plastic microparticles. This confirms that no more places in the world are plastic free, which is perhaps not a surprise given the annual production of 322 million tons of plastic.

If life comes from water, could death also come from there?

Emeric Nicolas, Head of Data Science Dpt.
Sources: Beyond Ratings, IPCC SR15, FAO, Royal Society 

Our latest
publications

Title
Category
Tag
Country
Date
Analyst insight
#ESG
Global
2019-12-09
Analyst insight
#Carbon #ESG
Global
2019-12-09
Analyst insight
#ESG
Global
2019-12-09
Research note
#ESG
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Carbon/Climate Change
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#ESG
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#ESG
France
2019-12-09
Analyst insight
#Credit Risk #ESG
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Carbon/Climate Change #Environment
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#ESG
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#ESG
France
2019-12-09
Analyst insight
#Carbon
Europe
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Carbon
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#ESG
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Credit Risk
United States
2019-12-09
Analyst insight
#Environment
Northern Area
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Carbon/Climate Change
Europe
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#ESG
France
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Credit Risk
Peru
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Carbon #Carbon/Climate Change
World
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#ESG
France
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Credit Risk #GDP
Europe
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Carbon/Climate Change
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#ESG
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Credit Risk
France
2019-12-09
Analyst insight
#Credit Risk #France
Europe
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#ESG
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Carbon/Climate Change
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#ESG
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#GDP
Europe
2019-12-09
Analyst insight
#ESG
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Carbon #Carbon/Climate Change
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Carbon #ESG
France
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Credit Risk
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Carbon #Carbon/Climate Change
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#ESG
Europe, USA
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#GDP
France
2019-12-09
Analyst insight
#Environment
France
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Carbon #Carbon/Climate Change
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Carbon/Climate Change #ESG
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Credit Risk #GDP
China
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Carbon #Carbon/Climate Change
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#ESG
USA
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#GDP
Global
2019-12-09
Analyst insight
#Credit Risk #Sovereign Debt
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Carbon #Climate #IPCC #WMO
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Carbon #Inequality #Paris Agreement
France
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#GDP #Sovereign Debt
Italy
2019-12-09
Analyst insight
#Credit Risk #GDP #Geopolitics #Sovereign Debt
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Environment
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Carbon #Carbon/Climate Change #GDP
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#GDP
France
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Carbon #Carbon/Climate Change #Environment
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Carbon #Carbon/Climate Change #Climate #Environment
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Carbon #Carbon/Climate Change #Climate #Environment
Global
2019-12-09
Analyst insight
#GDP
Brasil
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Environment
Venezuela
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Environment #Natural Capital
Norway
2019-12-09
Analyst insight
#Carbon #Carbon/Climate Change #Climate
United Kingdom
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Agriculture #Biodiversity #Climate #GHG #Greenhouse gases
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Biodiversity #Climate #Environment #ESG #IPCC #Oceans #SIDS
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Credit Risk #GDP
France
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Carbon/Climate Change
Europe
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Carbon/Climate Change
France, Canada
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Credit Risk #GDP
Argentina
2019-12-09
Analyst insight
France, Egypt
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Carbon #Carbon/Climate Change #Climate
France
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#GDP #Sovereign Debt
Germany
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Environment #ESG
Global
2019-12-09
Analyst insight
#GDP #Natural Capital #Sovereign Debt
South Africa, France
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Credit Risk #Sovereign Debt
United States
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Carbon/Climate Change
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Carbon/Climate Change #Environment #ESG
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Carbon/Climate Change #Climate
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#ESG
India
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Credit Risk #GDP
USA, Japan, European Union
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Carbon #Carbon/Climate Change #GDP #Paris Agreement #Sovereign Debt
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Climate #Environment #Paris Agreement
Small Island Developing States, Global, Barbados, Fiji
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Credit Risk #GDP #Sovereign Debt
Venezuela
2019-12-09
Analyst insight
#Carbon #Carbon/Climate Change #Climate #Credit Risk
Global
2019-12-09
Analyst insight
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Carbon #Carbon/Climate Change #Climate
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Credit Risk #GDP
Global
2019-12-09
Analyst insight
#Biodiversity #Environment #Natural Capital
Brazil
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Credit Risk #Sovereign Debt
United States
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Carbon/Climate Change
Global
2019-12-09
Analyst insight
#Credit Risk #Sovereign Debt
United States
2019-12-09
Analyst insight
#Carbon/Climate Change #Credit Risk #ESG #Natural Capital
Global
2019-12-09
Analyst insight
#Carbon #Carbon/Climate Change
Europe
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Carbon #Carbon/Climate Change #Climate #Paris Agreement
France
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Credit Risk #Sovereign Debt
Europe
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
Global
2019-12-09
Analyst insight
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
France
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Carbon/Climate Change #ESG
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
Global
2019-12-09
Analyst insight
#Biodiversity #Climate #Environment #Natural Capital #Paris Agreement
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
United States
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
Italy
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
Global
2019-12-09
Analyst insight
Middle East & North Africa
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
Global
2019-12-09
Research note
#Carbon #Carbon/Climate Change #Climate #Paris Agreement
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
Global
2019-12-09
Analyst insight
All
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
United States
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
All
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Carbon/Climate Change #Climate #Credit Risk
England
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
Global
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
Germany
2019-12-09
Analyst insight
Brazil
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
All
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
Italia
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
All
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
All
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
Canada
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
All
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
All
2019-12-09
Analyst insight
Sweden
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
All
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
All
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
Italia
2019-12-09
Analyst insight
All
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
USA
2019-12-09
Analyst insight
All
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
All
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
United Kingdom
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
United Kingdom
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
All
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
All
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
All
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
All
2019-12-09
Research note
All
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
All
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
All
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
Russia
2019-12-09
Analyst insight
Argentina
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
All
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
European Union
2019-12-09
Analyst insight
European Union
2019-12-09
Analyst insight
Greece
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
All
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
European Union
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
All
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
Cuba
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
All
2019-12-09
Analyst insight
Greece
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
European Union
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
French Guyana
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
#Sovereign Debt
Russia
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
All
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
All
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
Venezuela
2019-12-09
Analyst insight
All
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
United Kingdom
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
All
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
France
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
European Union
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
All
2019-12-09
Weekly food for thought
France
2019-12-09

Let's keep in touch!

This field is required
Invalid email

Register to our newsletter to be the first to hear about ...

By submitting this form, you consent to receiving email communications from Beyond Ratings. Beyond Ratings will update your email preferences and hold your details in its contact database. For more information on how Beyond Ratings uses your data, see our Privacy Policy.

Get started

More investors are choosing Beyond Ratings' proprietary ESG-augmented financial metrics to gain a 360° view of company and country ESG performance.