The global picture of CO2 emissions by production segment in the EU-28
Eurostat recently published a presentation of some greenhouse gas emissions statistics including carbon footprints by product group. This provides a good global picture of the main areas at stake for investors who wish to identify and reduce their carbon exposures.
Indeed, the chart below provides a good representation of which sectors really matter in terms of emissions from production activities on the European territory. At a broad group level, it can be observed that the five most emissive segments account for 50% of emissions, based on energy utilities (14%), construction (12%), fossil fuel & chemical products (8%), equipment (8%) and food, beverages and tobacco (8%).
Beyond these data, carbon footprint ratios per capita must of course also be complemented by footprint data per unit of sales or enterprise value when analyzing corporate investments and portfolio exposures. Second, it can also be noted that these data are based on production activities, in other words, territorial emissions excluding CO2 emissions from the production of imported goods and services, which are particularly important for sovereign analysis. Last, digging deeper into the data, it is also worth noting some interesting facts on the dynamics of emissions. Compared with 2010, the trend in absolute emissions has been encouraging (-9%) with CO2 increases in only a limited number of sectors (e.g. coke and refined petroleum products and land/air transport). By contrast, some sectors have seen above-average reduction rates such as energy utilities. But it is also good to put all this into perspective by looking at the global picture.
CO2 footprints, by product group, EU-28, 2017
kg per person, based on emissions by EU-28 production activities